Annual Report on the Implementation of the Understanding Human Rights All-Ukrainian Educational Program (January - October 2010)

 

 


 

 



Introduction

Human rights can be exercised

only when people are informed about their rights

 and know how to use them.

That is why education in the sphere of human rights

has a primary meaning for the effective implementation

of the established standards.

Despite the fact that this was declared 60 years ago,

when the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted,

we have not yet reached the point when people know their rights

and understand how to demand that theyare observed.

Thomas Hammarberg

[1]

Education in the sphere of human rights is still considered just an education without definite results that can influence the problem of the observance of human rights. However, innovative approaches towards an educational process that presuppose a particular set of actions, the use of approaches based on the pedagogy in action, the perception of educational components as an integral part of public actions for the protection and advocacy of human rights are necessary today. Such approaches help draw the attention of many people to the problem of the observance of human rights and improve the effectiveness of actions that bring real changes. Despite the fact that the results of educational actions require time to see their direct influence on the problem, they give more constant effect and steady connection with long-term perspectives. It is very important not only because of many problems pertaining to the observance of human rights, but also because the number of activists and organizations, which activities are aimed at the protection and advocacy of human rights, is too small, while the support and understanding of such problems by the society is insufficient.


We recognize the fact that the majority of people not always widely and unequivocally share the problem of the observance of human rights. Nevertheless, the three-year experience of the Understanding Human Rights All-Ukrainian Educational Program proves that the educational activities, held in the short period of three years, were rather effective. The initiatives of the educational courses participants go far beyond measures of the educational process. Competencies gained through the training change into direct and rather effective actions. A lot of small scale actions consolidate the society, the scope for discussion becomes vast, and there are more people able to think critically and to protect and stand for human rights. 

 2. About the project

The project that is implemented by the Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union in partnership with the Norwegian Helsinki Committee is a component of the non-governmental initiative in Ukraine, which is the Understanding Human Rights All-Ukrainian Educational Program

[2]

.

The Understanding Human Rights All-Ukrainian Educational Program is a non-governmental initiative.

The program intends to influence the formal system of education and the development of the informal education in the sphere of human rights.

The program is a platform for partnership and interaction among all interested organizations and civil activists. 

The program is not a legal entity and is implemented in the form of a long-term civil campaign based on the coalition cooperation between the collective (non-governmental organizations) and individual (specialists and experts in the sphere of human rights protection and support) partners.

The program is implemented through the projects of partner organizations that are united by the common goal and approaches, and that act in accordance with the general action plan.

This project is an integral component and a basis for the action plan of the Understanding Human Rights Program. The second phase of the action plan had been implemented as of October 2010. This phase will have been implemented by the end of 2012. The majority of the educational measures foreseen by the program action plan have been implemented due to this particular program. Considering this, in the report later on we are going to talk about the Program taking notice of the participation and contribution of other organizations and funds. 

Particular educational measures were supported by other partner organizations. Other organizations and funds

[3]

provided methodological supervision (such as the development of agendas for educational activities, their content and methodology, the preparation of methodological materials etc.), evaluated program activities and the implementation of the program action plan, provided information support and so on.

3. Achievement of goals / Project results / Impact

The project was fulfilled within the framework of the 2nd stage of the Understanding Human Rights All-Ukrainian Educational Program Action Plan (2010-2012). Thus the expected project results were connected with the beginning of the implementation of the mentioned stage of the action plan.

The reporting period expectations pertained to the program graduates network development, to the training of civil activists both on the All-Ukrainian and local levels (in different regions of Ukraine), and to the support of the their activity after participation in trainings and schools. The project intended specialization in the basic-level preparation of activists, who work in the interests of persons with disabilities. The local-level trainings were to meet the needs of a particular region or a group of people, who were supposed to obtain competencies in civil activity they are involved in.

According to the plans it was foreseen to provide the graduates with an opportunity to undergo special training on civil actions aimed at the protection of human rights, and to provide them with the expert and resource support in their activity in the sphere of human rights. 

In the work with journalists, teachers, law enforcement agents and the representatives of the penitentiary system it was intended to move from one-time educational activities to long-term courses, in order to strengthen the influence on the spheres, which the representatives of mentioned target groups are involved in. 

The project intended first steps in the development of methodological materials and manuals on the work with the mentioned target groups, the publishing of which is expected in 2011.

It was planned by the project to support the existing information resources and to create new ones within the Understanding Human Rights Program that will become a platform for the communication of human rights activists.  It is particularly concerned with the improvement of the program website functioning and the creation of the website of the social network of activists.

In order to develop the distance learning program, it was foreseen to work out basic distance learning sessions. These sessions will be used in the long-term courses, in further education and in the preparation for participation in specialized educational activities. 

The engagement of new experts and trainers, the specialization within the program team and the improvement of management were intended to ensure the program development.  

Particular measures were planned within the framework of one of the program components, which concerns the development of the strategy, plans and methodological materials. The periodic Conference on the Development of Human Rights Education made a crucial contribution to the development of such measures.      

All expectations have been fulfilled, which will be covered later on.

The program components, which demand the involvement of state authorities, were implemented with the participation of state institutions. It should be mentioned that the state authorities are passive and do not take an active part in the fulfillment of their own obligations in the sphere of human rights education.  

3.1 Development goal / Impact on society

intentions

Mission (strategic goal)

The development of the culture of human rights in Ukraine



The culture of human rights, according to our understanding, primarily а) refers to an active citizenship and the ability of every person to demand that the rights allocated in the international documents and in the Constitution are observed b) presupposes that governmental agents are aware of their responsibilities and of the importance of their role in the support of human rights, that they work within the framework of the official duties and obligations determined by human rights.  

Program areas of work

The program activity covers a set of actions, which are intended for the development of the unofficial

[4]

and informal models of education and for the influence on the formal education in the sphere of human rights.  

According to the program, the development of human rights education is achieved with the help of educational activities for various target groups, through the elaboration of methodological materials, information sharing, and due to the mobilization of the actions of non-governmental organizations and specialists working in the sphere of human rights education.   

For the development of the formal education the program suggests its experience, its contribution to the development of state concepts, and the creation of the system of public monitoring of the state program implementation.

Results of the intentions realization

Brief evaluation of the correspondence of achievements to the strategic goal within the framework of the project

The unofficial and informal education develops impetuously in Ukraine at present. The Understanding Human Rights All-Ukrainian Educational Program plays an important role in this process. The Program is gradually changing into a unifying movement of civil activists; its effectiveness and long-term perspectives go beyond purely educational activities.

At the same time more representatives of community should be engaged in the identification of the needs of society in this area. There should be new approaches and innovative ideas. The effectiveness of the informal education depends on the openness of its supporters, on the acceptance of feasible evaluation, on the unbiased views and new informal ideas.

The approach, which is based on the mentioned principles, allows to ensure the “live” and natural development of the human rights education.

3.2 Purpose / Outcomes

intentions

Purpose

The formation of competencies regarding human rights, democratic values, mechanisms of their protection and support, the ways of intercultural understanding and peaceful resolution of conflicts among socially active young people, activists of non-governmental organizations, journalists and individual groups of state agents (law enforcement agents and the representatives of the system of education etc.).

We can say that the goal is achieved if, first of all, the competencies obtained within the framework of the program are applied in practical activity.       

results of the intentions realization

Brief evaluation of the process of the goal achievement

Education results are the effective activistsactions aimed at the protection and advocacy of human rights, and the fulfillment of duties by state agents from the perspective of human rights.

Education becomes an action that is aimed at the protection and advocacy of human rights, if DIDACTICS is used to defend human rights, because the educational process allows: TO KNOW what human rights are, what mechanisms are used to defend them and how everyone can stand up for and protect their rights; to be able  to notice the problems of the violation of human rights and act effectively to resolve such problems; to have practical skills to achieve the intended outcomes and change the situation for better through  the compassion, initiative and activity in the sphere of human rights observance; and to form a personal position on the basis of knowledge and experience on relevant issues of human rights observance. It also gives grounds TO ACT CONSCIOUSLY WHILE RESPECTING AND TAKING INTO ACCOUNT OTHER VIEWS

[5]

.  

Examples of actions, campaigns and projects of young activists who underwent training within the framework of the program

After the schools for young activists their participants carried out projects, held actions and campaigns in support of human rights. Bellow is a brief description of the mentioned projects results.

The Thirty-Second of May

Such a title was given to the Third Night Festival of Social Films for Youth, which was held in Luhansk. The Film Festival was dedicated to the International Childrens Day. The initiators of the Festival engaged film-makers in order to pay the attention of the society towards the violation of children’s rights and to the mechanisms of their protection, to involve young people in the activity of non-governmental organizations that work in the sphere of children’s rights protection, and to pay the attention of the society towards the problem of refugee children and of those children, who seek shelter in Ukraine.

All-Ukrainian Action on the Commemoration of the Victims of Ukrainian Law Enforcement Officers

On June 25, on the eve of the UN International Day against Torture, activists from Kyiv and six other regions of Ukraine erected improvised commemorative steles in front of the buildings of the law enforcement agencies of Ukraine (the Ministry of Interior and regional departments), and laid red flowers at the foot of the steles. In such a way the community honored the victims of tortures executed by law enforcement agents. The victims of tortures and their relatives also joined the action. The participants of the action publicly handed over the petition with their demands on the efficient investigation of the cases of tortures to the executive personnel of the law enforcement bodies.

Judicial Protection of an Access to Drug Stores of Persons with Disabilities

Legal actions within the framework of this project are the first step in a strategic suit aimed at the ensuring of a free access to drug stores of persons with disabilities and the representatives of limited mobility groups. The results of activities carried out in Dnipropetrovs’k may be applied by any person in Ukraine, because they constitute a particular algorithm. This includes a statement of claim template and recommendations regarding actions that can be undertaken by activists in other regions of Ukraine.

Your Rights: Know and Use Them

In consequence of information and educational actions of activists from Kharkiv, there were developed informational materials to easily explain what can be done in cases of illicit actions of law enforcement agencies. Information materials were distributed during the actions, which were joined by the victims of illegal detentions. The activities were held as a response to a number of events connected with illegal actions or acts of omission of the representatives of state authorities, which duty is to defend the law. These events include the murder of a young student Ihor Indylo in one of the departments of the Ministry of Interior of Ukraine in May 2010 and a number of incidents involving activists, who defended GorkyiPark in Kharkiv etc.

According to initiators of the actions, the information about human rights and the mechanisms of their protection should be clear to any person. It should not be spread solely through official sources.  Only in such a case the knowledge rendered by means of the information may be applied on the practical level.  

Civil Campaign against the Curfew Law in Simferopol

The campaign consisted of mass actions and legal actions (the initiation of a lawsuit) aimed at the cancellation of SimferopolLocal Council Decree that constrains children from being on the streets in the late hours of the night. The action participants expressed their own opinion about the legitimacy and reasonability of such limitations and reminded of their own views that had to be considered.  

The All-Ukrainian Action titled ‘Defend Yourself on Your Own’ or a Yellow Card to Police Officers from the Youth of Ukraine

On September 1 young activists held a widespread action titled ‘Defend Yourself on Your Own’, which was dedicated to the International Knowledge Day. The action organizers considered the action as a forced measure, a response to systematic violations of human rights by the representatives of law enforcement agencies of Ukraine. Near more than thirty educational establishments activists gave out yellow cards to young people. The yellow cards contained information about the rights, which should be observed by police officers, when they detain someone. In order to attract attention, young activists held theatrical performances, street dramatized “lectures” and skits, carried out thematic activities in educational establishments etc. In many cities the actions were joined by teachers and lecturers.  

 

Examples of activities carried out by the participants of the Course for journalists, which is still in progress at present

Journalists in support of human rights

The journalists, who take part in the educational courseRole of Journalism in Human Rights Advocacy and Support’, become real partners of civil activists in human rights advocacy. Due to professional writing together with an ability to identify problems of the violation of human rights, journalists’ reportages and materials have become more effective and have had a stronger impact on the relevant social issues.

Journalistic activity combined with an active citizenship has become one of the most important achievements. For example, one of the participants initiated and signed a public petition concerning the pressure of STB TV-channel editorial stuff at journalists and a hidden censorship of journalistic articles.

At present the journalists, who participate in the Course, do a distant session consisting of two stages. They write an essay and conduct a journalistic research on the chosen problem of human rights, work on the corresponding thematic publications. The implementation of the first stage of the distant session has received high evaluation of the experts. 

Examples of activities carried out by the participants of the Course ‘School is a Territory of Human Rights

School is a Territory of Human Rights

Eleven schools that participate in the Course ‘School is a Territory of Human Rights’ have initiated activities aimed at the establishment of the atmosphere of respect for human rights in their educational establishments. The schools analyze their internal regulatory documents and introduce amendments to them, reform procedures of decision making providing all the participants of an educational process with a possibility to be engaged in them. The schools introduce optional courses and subjects that give basic knowledge on human rights. In certain schools there are held thematic events dedicated to human rights protection and advocacy, summer schools are carried out for students and the corresponding work is held with parents and teaching staff.

The participants of the second Course start the same activity. It is a specialized Course. The schools that take part in the Course are for children at risk (such as children in conflict with law, and children with deviant behavior). These are schools of social rehabilitation and schools of penal colonies.

Examples of activities carried out by the participants of the Courses for the personnel of law enforcement agencies and of the penitentiary system

Teaching human rights within the framework of the penitentiary system and law enforcement agencies

After the training the officials of state institutions work with the personnel of penal colonies, with the students of higher educational establishments and law enforcement agencies in order to approbate educational courses that are developed at present.

Examples of actions of civil activists who are the participants of the HumanRightsSchool in the interests of persons with disabilities

Actions in the interests of persons with disabilities

Together with the National Assembly of the Disabled of Ukraine there was held the monitoring of the observance of human rights in the boarding schools for children with disabilities established under the Ministry of Labor and Social Policy of Ukraine. The seminar participants initiate other actions in support of the rights of persons with disabilities. The participants of the specialized training titled ‘A Strategic Discrimination Lawsuits’ work on the development of the strategy of legal actions.

 3.3 Output

intentions

In 2010 it was foreseen by the project to fulfill particular tasks of the Second Phase of the Understanding Human Rights All-Ukrainian Educational Program Action Plan. Thus the work was carried out within the framework of the Second Phase of the Program Action Plan.

According to the Second Phase of the Program Action Plan (2010-1012) it is foreseen:

The second phase of the Program Action Plan is based on the general goals of the Program. The basis of this phase strategy is the strengthening of the program influence on social processes, the development of the program graduates’ network, the creation of more opportunities for the activity of the program graduates, and the engagement of new partners (both individual experts and organizations).

a) 

to conduct educational courses and activities for socially active young people, activists of non-governmental organizations, teachers of schools and lecturers of higher educational establishments, journalists, activists working in the interests of persons with disabilities and law enforcement agents that were already approbated during the first phase (2008-2009) of the Program Action Plan;

b) 

to develop and conduct conceptually new long-term courses, which strategy, content and methodology is based on the experience gained within the first phase (2008-2009) of the Program Action Plan;

c) 

to provide the youth groups initiatives in the sphere of human rights advocacy and protection with an expert and resource support;

d) 

to develop and pilot educational courses for state agents, such as law enforcement officers, the officials of the penitentiary system, health, guardianship and educational systems, and of any other state services and structures;

e) 

to provide opportunities for distance learning;

f)  

to develop the informational support and program management.

results of the intentions implementation

The Second Phase of the Program Action Plan in 2010 included the planned basic training courses, specialized trainings, distance learning and the support of the network activity and development.

The activities have been carried out in concordance with the schedule. Minor changes have happened due to the necessity to take into account the target groups peculiarities. They have been confirmed by the team of organizers.

Throughout the year the program was supplemented by the activities of organizations that are partners of the Understanding Human Rights Program. The partners’ activities are a part of the program strategy and plans. In particular, certain components of the long-term courses are implemented through the separate projects of the partner organizations. Such projects are financed from different sources, like, for example, the first seminar of the Human Rights Course for the penitentiary system officials, which was carried out within the framework of the project of the non-governmental organization M’ART. In the same way the efforts are joined within the framework of other components of the program. For example, the expert seminar titled ‘Actions for the Protection of Children at Risk: the Experience of Poland, Germany and Ukraine’ (the HumanRightsCenter ‘Postup’), the seminar titled ‘A Strategic Disability Lawsuit’ (Kharkiv Regional Foundation ‘Public Alternative’) and so on.

The program is supported by partner projects that ensure the organizational development of some of the project components. Such projects ensure the informational and methodological support, the development of the network and distance learning program etc. These are, for example, the projects of the non-governmental organization M’ART implemented in 2010, id. est. the projects titled ‘Understanding Human Rights’ and ‘The Network of Graduates of the Understanding Human Rights Program’.

The number of organizations and specialists that provide the expert support of the program increased in 2010. The list of partner organizations is given in Section 3.3 of the Report.

Main

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components included in the Second Phase of the Program Action Plan

Basic educational courses

All-Ukrainian and local human rights schools for young activists

A course for teachers and administrators of secondary schoolsSchool is a Territory of Human Rights

Human rights schools in the interests of people with disabilities

A course on the role of journalism in human rights protection and advocacy

A human rights course for the penitentiary system personnel

A human rights course for law enforcement agents

Specialized activities

Training on collective civil actions in support of human rights

Training on the monitoring of human rights

 

Training on educational activities for the protection of human rights

The seminar on a strategic discrimination lawsuit

Distance Learning

Distance training of applicants who were admitted for the participation in training courses of the basic level

Distance training of the participants of the long-tem courses held between the stationary activities of the courses

Distance training of the applicants admitted for the participation in specialized trainings

Distance courses on project management for those who underwent basic training courses

International solidarity of human rights activists

The seminar for Belarus lawyers titledDe Facto Implementation of International Obligations in the Sphere of Civil Rights and Freedoms

Participation in schools, seminars and trainings held by partners from Russia (Petrozavodsk (youth and teachers), Murmansk (youth), Archangelsk (social services that work in the interests of persons with disabilities), Moscow (teachers from Chechnya and Ingushetia)).

The development and systematization of methodological materials on human rights education

The development and systematization of methodological materials for the target groups that are trained within the framework of the program

The publishing of manuals that will be used by the work group of the program

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The strategies of educational actions aimed at the protection and advocacy of human rights

The Conference titled ‘The Development of Human Rights Education in Ukraine

Work meetings and seminars, including the expert ones, on the planning, preparation and evaluation of activities held within the framework of the program

Activity support and network development

The resource platform ‘ActivistsInitiatives: Human Rights

The website of the program ensures the informational support of the program participants’ activity: www.edu.helsinki.org.ua

The mailing list for graduates and experts of the program educational courses: hr_education@gmail.com

The website of the social network of human rights activists: www.hr-activists.net

The results of activities held within the framework of the program in 2010

Seventy three young activists underwent basic training

[8]

within the framework of one All-Ukrainian Human Rights School for young activists and three local Human Rights Schools for young activists.  Active graduates, who underwent training, initiate actions, projects, campaigns in support and protection of human rights or participate in similar events, engage others, for groups of activists and cooperate with non-governmental organizations.

Thirty eight teachers and administrators of secondary educational establishments continue their education within the framework of two Courses titled ‘School is a Territory of Human Rights. The participants gain knowledge and skills in the sphere of human rights, learn to base the educational process  on human rights principles, to apply forms and methods of teaching human rights and interdisciplinary subjects, including possibilities to integrate the corresponding subjects into various educational disciplines. After the Course is finished, the teachers and administrators together with other participants of the educational process work to establish at school the atmosphere, which would be based on human rights principles, fulfill their own initiatives concerning human rights education at school, and reform school management with due account of human rights.

Eighteen representatives and volunteers of the non-governmental organizations that work in the interests of persons with disabilities underwent training within the framework of the 1st All-UkrainianHumanRightsSchool in the interests of persons with disabilities. Due to the training the approach of the representatives of the mentioned target groups towards their own activity is based on human rights, local public organizations and activists working in the interests of people with disabilities become more active, and the graduates establish cooperation and interact in order to resolve problems with the observance of the rights of people with disabilities.

Twenty one journalists of all-Ukrainian and local mass media who represent television, radio, print and Internet publications continue their education within the framework of the first Course ‘The Role of Journalism in Human Rights Protection and Support’.    The active participants of the Course write articles about human rights with more competence. They are able to cover events from the perspective of human rights, avoid hate speech and can protect themselves under the conditions of strict editorial policy and the engagement of publications in politics. The journalists who undergo training have initiatives about the distribution of materials about human rights through their own articles, the informing of their colleagues about human rights, and have ideas on how to cooperate with human rights organizations. They also have ideas about new publications that may strengthen the communication between journalists and human rights communities.

Twenty four representatives of the penitentiary system continue their education within the framework of the Human Rights Course for the corresponding target group. These are mainly the representatives of the local departments of the State Department for Enforcement of Sentences who are in charge of the preparation of the personnel of colonies. The participants are involved in the approbation of methodological materials on human rights education that will be suggested for the system of training and retraining of personnel.    They work with the personnel of colonies, analyze the methodological materials and suggest their own elaborations. Educational tasks for this target group mainly depend on the fulfillment of their duties from the position of human rights.

Seventeen officials of the system of the Ministry of Interior of Ukraine continue their education within the framework of the Course for law enforcement agents. The participants teach in all

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higher educational establishment of the system of the Ministry of Interior of Ukraine. The participants are involved in the development and approbation of the Course on human rights for the system of the Ministry of Interior of Ukraine. They work in the corresponding higher educational establishments, with the officials of the MI who undergo the retraining, and analyze the methodological elaborations. Educational tasks for this target group mainly depend on the fulfillment of their duties from the position of human rights.

Fifty one program graduates obtained competencies within the framework of the following specialized trainings and seminars: Collective Actions for the Protection of Human Rights, The Monitoring of Human Rights, Educational Actions for the Protection of Human Rights and A Strategic Disability Lawsuit. The seminar on a strategic disability lawsuit was attended not only by the program graduates but also by thirteen activists (lawyers in the main) who apply legal actions in the interests of persons with disabilities. The participants of the seminars use the obtained knowledge in order to carry out such activities as the monitoring, collective and educational actions and in order to initiate strategic lawsuits.

In 2010 there was started the development of a concept of and the introduction of distant courses. Participants obtain knowledge before the beginning of training within the framework of basic and specialized educational schools, seminars and trainings, because they work with texts, carry out practical tasks and express their opinions about important issues that are the objects of their future preparation. This also allows doing the diagnostics of the participants’ level of competencies.

In between the basic educational activities of the long-term courses their participants, namely 21 journalist, 38 teachers, 17 law enforcement agents, and 24 employees of the penitentiary system, carry out tasks and are evaluated by the experts. In this way they are involved in distance learning. Consequently, the education is based on practice and allows ensuring the expert support of all the activities that are initiated by the participants after the training.

Seventeen Belarus lawyers received basic training during the seminar ‘The Implementation of International Law in Legal Practice’ in order to continue their education within the framework of the long-term courseDe Facto Implementation of International Obligations in the Sphere of Civil Rights and Freedomsthat is carried out by non-governmental organizations from Belarus in partnership with the Human Rights House Network (Oslo, Norway). The lawyers who underwent training are ready to apply their experience for the protection of human rights.

In 2010 six draft manuals have been published. At present they are approbated and are prepared to be published in 2011. The methodological materials contained in the manuals are intended for the preparation of activists, teachers, journalists, and activists who work in the interests of people with disabilities and conduct the monitoring of human rights observance.

One hundred and fifty eight participants of the Conference on the Development of Human Rights Education have worked out recommendations regarding the development of formal and informal human rights education in Ukraine. These recommendations constitute the basis of a petition, which is being developed at present. The petition will be distributed among State authorities, the mass media and non-governmental organizations.

The program graduates are constantly carrying out initiatives in the sphere of human rights protection and advocacy. These initiatives (actions, campaigns and projects) are supervised by the program experts. Fifteen projects have received the program resource support. The description of the mentioned projects is given above. Such a support is provided within the framework of the program ‘Activists’ Initiatives: Human Rights

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.

The program website www.edu.helsinki.org.ua is always functioning. Within a year the number of its users has increased from 100 to 200 persons. Every day it is attended by 100 to 200 users. Among the registered users there are more than 20 known Ukrainian human rights experts. 995 people receive the website mailing list weekly. The program graduates are constantly posting messages about their initiatives and activity. For example, from May to October 2010 sixty articles were posted by the program graduates. The program participants and other users of the website communicate in the website forum. The number of forum topics for discussion has increased twice. The library is constantly being updated. In 2010 most of the application forms have been received through the on-line application form. There is the website data base of all the applicants and participants of the program educational measures. The materials posted on the website are highly cited and used by other information resources.

The information cooperation is fulfilled with the following information resources: The All-Ukrainian Expert Network, Hromadskyi Prostir (Civil Space), Hurt, Pravovyi Prostir (Legal Space), Maidan, VesKirovohrad (The Entire Kirovohrad), the Portal of the Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union, the Portal of the Kharkiv Human Rights Group, UNIAN-Human Rights, UA Pravo, the Vhoru Newspaper, the Portal of the StudentsSelf-Government, Ukrainian Human Rights Protection Portal, FreeNet Free Youth Portal, Chernihiv Monitor, L’viv NGO Portal, Zakarpattia Online, The Portal of Non-Political News, Civil Initiatives Network, Youth Resource Center, The XENOdocuments Portal, Korespondent, Telekrytyka etc.

More than 400 articles about the program, the graduatesprojects implemented within theActivistsInitiatives: Human RightsProgram and about the soon coming events are openly accessible online.

The new platform for communication and planning of actions, campaigns, mutual consultations and information sharing is the new website of the social network of human rights activists titled ‘Human Rights Activists in Action’. More than 230 persons have been registered as the website users within less than half a year. Most of the network users are the program graduates.

Seven experts of the program have participated in the educational measures, such as schools, seminars and trainings, of partner projects in Belarus and Russia. The representatives of partner organizations from other countries are always invited to take part in the program activities.

3.4 Implemented activities

Activities implemented within the framework of the project with the financial assistance of the Norwegian Helsinki Committee

Activity

Venue

Dates

1

Training on educational actions in support of human rights

Smolin, Chernigivska oblast’

22/01/10 - 28/01/10

2

Local HumanRightsSchool for youth

Sumy

03/02/10 - 09/02/10

3

Human Rights School for teachers

Chernihiv

21/03/10 - 27/03/10

4

Human Right seminars for journalists

Chernihiv

13/04/10 - 17/04/10

5

Human Rights School for activists who work in the interests of persons with disabilities

Evpatoria

03/05/10 - 07/05/10

6

Training for police and law enforcement officials

Chernihiv

19/05/10 - 23/05/10

7

Local HumanRightsSchool for youth

Skadovs’k

18/06/10 - 24/06/10

8

Local HumanRightsSchool for youth

Kirovohrad

01/07/10 - 07/07/10

9

All Ukrainian Human Rights School for youth activists

Chernihiv

25/07/10 - 31/07/10

10

Training for penitentiary system officials

Chernihiv

06/09/10 - 10/09/10

11

Human Rights School for teachers

Chernihiv

19/09/10 - 25/09/10

12

Training on actions in support of human rights # 1: human rights monitoring; civil actions etc.

Chernihiv

10/10/10 - 14/10/10

13

Training on actions in support of human rights # 2: human rights monitoring; civil actions etc.

Chernihiv

10/10/10 - 14/10/10

14

The support and supervision of youth projects

 

01/01/10 - 15/09/10

15

A final conference

Chernihiv

 15/10/10 – 16/10/10

Program activities supported from other sources

Activity

Venue

Dates

1

Training for penitentiary systems officials (the first training of the educational Course) – the non-governmental organization M’ART (the support is provided by the International Renaissance Foundation)

Chernihiv

17/05/10 - 21/05/10

2

The seminar for Belarus lawyers ‘The Implementation of International Law in Legal Practice’ - the non-governmental organization M’ART (the support is provided by the International Renaissance Foundation)   

Chernihiv

17/06/10 - 21/06/10

3

The seminar titled ‘A Strategic Discrimination Lawsuit’ – Kharkiv Regional Foundation ‘Hromads’ka Al’ternatyva’ (Public Alternative) (the support is provided by the International Renaissance Foundation)   

Evpatoria

27/09/10 - 01/10/10

4

The conference titled ‘The Development of Human Rights Education’ - the non-governmental organization M’ART (the support is provided by the International Renaissance Foundation)   

Kyiv

15/10/10 - 16/10/10

5

Work meetings, thematic expert seminars, information and methodological support of the program, distance learning activities and measures for the development of the network of graduates - the non-governmental organization M’ART, the HumanRightsCenter ‘Postup’

 

Throughout the year

3.5 Partners

Financial assistance

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The Norwegian Helsinki Committee and Ministry of Interior of the Kingdom of Norway (Oslo, the Kingdom of Norway);

The International Renaissance Foundation (Kyiv, Ukraine).

Ukrainian partners that implemented projects within the framework of the program

The Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union (Kyiv, Ukraine);

The Non-governmental Organization M’ART (Chernihiv, Ukraine);

The Human Rights Center ‘Postup’ (Luhans’k, Ukraine);

Kharkiv Regional FoundationHromads’ka Al’ternatyva(Public Alternative) (Kharkiv, Ukraine).

Expert and methodological support

[12]

Ukrainian partners:

Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union (Kyiv, Ukraine);

The Non-governmental Organization M’ART (Chernihiv, Ukraine);

The Human Rights Center ‘Postup’ (Luhans’k, Ukraine);

Kharkiv Regional Foundation ‘Hromads’ka Al’ternatyva’ (Kharkiv, Ukraine);

Kherson Mercy and Health Foundation (Kherson, Ukraine);

Kharkiv Human Rights Group (Kharkiv, Ukraine);

The Congress of National Minorities of Ukraine (Kyiv, Ukraine);

The Non-governmental Organization ‘M.Art.in-club’ (Makiivka, Ukraine);Kherson Non-governmental Organization ‘Nova Heneratsia’ (New Generation) (Kherson, Ukraine);

 

The Ukrainian section of Amnesty International (Kyiv, Ukraine);

SevastopolHuman Rights Group (Sevastopol’, Ukraine);

International Renaissance Foundation (Kyiv, Ukraine);

Ukrainian Center for Holocaust Studies (Kyiv, Ukraine);

Western Ukrainian Center of Civil Initiatives (Luhan’sk, Ukraine);

Donetsk Non-governmental Organization ‘Donetsk Memorial’ (Donets’k, Ukraine);

Kirovograd Regional Department of the All-Ukrainian Charitable Organization ‘All-Ukrainian Network of PLWA (Kirovohrad, Ukraine);

All-Ukrainian Youth Public Organization of Persons with Vision Deficiencies ‘Heneratsiia Uspishnoi Dii(Generation of Successful Action) (Kharkiv, Ukraine);

The National Assembly of the Disabled of Ukraine (Kyiv, Ukraine);

City Youth Non-governmental Organization ‘Zhmenya’ (A Handful) (Chernihiv, Ukraine);

The Non-governmental Organization ‘Expert Group’ (Kremenchuk, Ukraine);

Kyiv-Mohyla School of Journalism (Kyiv, Ukraine);

Vinnytsya Human Rights Group (Vinnytsya, Ukraine);

All-Ukrainian Youth Non-governmental Organization ‘Debatna Academia’ (Debate Academy) (Kyiv, Ukraine);

Center for Civil Liberties (Kyiv, Ukraine);

 

The Resonance Regional Charitable Foundation (L’viv, Ukraine);

Project ‘Without Froniters’, the Non-governmental Organization ‘Tsentr Sotsial’na Diia’ (The Center of Social Action) (Kyiv, Ukraine);

The Institute ‘Respublica’ (Republic) (Kyiv, Ukraine);

The Association of Young Experts Class (Kharkiv, Ukraine);

The Nova Doba All-Ukrainian Association (L’viv, Ukraine);

Kherson Public Organization ‘Nova Generatsia’ (New Generation);

All-Ukrainian Penitentiary Network (Kirovohrad, Ukraine);

Children’s Environmental Non-Governmental Organization ‘Flora’, (Kirovograd, Ukraine);

Sumy Leisure Center (Sumy, Ukraine);

The Office of the European Council in Kyiv (Kyiv, Ukraine);

Center for Civic Education (Kyiv, Ukraine);

The Association of Media Lawyers (Kyiv, Ukraine).

Institutions and organizations of Ukrainian State and local authorities that were engaged in the program in 2010

The State Department of Ukraine for Enforcement of Sentences;

The Ministry of Interior of Ukraine;

Fourteen higher educational establishments of the system of the Ministry of Interior of Ukraine;

The Crime Research Institute of the National Academy of Law;

The College of Bila Tserkva under the State Department of Ukraine for the Enforcement of Sentences;

Chernihiv LawCollege under the State Department of Ukraine for the Enforcement of Sentences;

The Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine;

Kirovohrad City Center of Social Services for Family, Children and Youth;

More than 20 secondary educational establishments that participate in the program measures.

Foreign Partners

Norwegian Helsinki Committee (Oslo, the Kingdom of Norway);

Public Organization ‘Pravovaia Initsiativa’ (Legal Initiative) (Belarus);

Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (Regional Office: Moscow, The Russian Federation);

Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights (Warsaw, Poland);

Human Rights House (Oslo, Norway);

Non-governmental Organization ‘Grazhdanskoe Sodeistvie’ (Civil Assistance) (Moscow, The Russian Federation);

Youth Human Rights Movement (Russia);

The Educator Association (Lomzha, Poland);

Committee for the Protection of Victims of Political Repression (Minsk, Belarus);

Belarus Helsinki Committee (Minsk, Belarus);

Serbian Helsinki Committee (Serbia);

Regional Police Department of Warsaw Wola (Warsaw, Poland);

The Union of Disabled (Minsk, Belarus);

Chisinau Tolerance Club (Chisinau, Moldova).

3.6 Techniques and methods of education

The “education for action” principle is in the core of the methodology used in the program for teaching human rights.  

The program educational measures include both academic form of education, active and interactive ones.    

The education is oriented at the personal experience of participants; it considers their both psychological and physical peculiarities. An inclusive approach is used in the program educational measures, thus educational groups usually include persons with disabilities which is considered in the logistics and the methodology of educational measures.

The up-to-date pedagogical techniques, such as Forum Theatre, Free to Choose, and educational films are integrated in the process of education. Apart from mandatory studies there are evening optional classes, such as Discussion clubs. The participants usually base their discussions on documentary films – the laureates of the International Film Festival Human Rights Documentary Days.

The educational methodology of the project is practice proved by experience.

It is the combination of active and interactive methods with the involvement of experts for the consideration of the most essential issues.  

The principle ”education for action” is one of the main aspects of the methodology of human rights education, which is applied in the program. It is intended for the participants to understand the importace of particular actions in the sphere of human rights protection.

The basis of the educational interaction constitutes the principle of cooperation and step-by-step comprehension of new knowledge.

The training within the framework of a Human Rights School includes the group work with stimulative materials, such as the regulatory system, documents, the cases of the European Court of Human Rights etc., and the expert evaluation of the work results by the experts on relevant issues who were invited to participate in the program. 

Consequently, the program combines academic education with interactive learning 

The invited specialists are practitioners who have profound knowledge in various spheres of human rights protection and appeal not only to the theory but also to practice and particular examples.

Discussion is one of the effective methods of the program. By means of various forms of discussion, such as “hold your own position”, “the scale of thoughts”, “guided discussion”, it is possible to make participants understand that Human Rights have their own evolution, are a living object of the human society, and that the sphere of human rights protection is, first of all, an action, and a particular activity. 

Work with new target groups have brought changes into the teaching methods. Situation modelling and practical exercises have been used more often.

Structural changes in the educational courses have refreshed the problems pertaining to additional training between the seminars, thus promoting the introduction of distance learning.

4. Todays situation

The unofficial and informal education develops impetuously in Ukraine at present. The Understanding Human Rights All-Ukrainian Educational Program plays an important role in this process. The Program is gradually changing into a unifying movement of civil activists; its effectiveness and long-term perspectives go beyond purely educational activities. At the same time more representatives of the community should be engaged to identify the needs of the society in this area. There should be new approaches and innovative ideas. The effectiveness of the informal education depends on the openness of its supporters, on the acceptance of a feasible evaluation, on the unbiased views and new informal ideas in the full meaning of the word. The approach, which is based on the mentioned principles, allows ensuring the “live” and natural development of human rights education

Unfortunately, in the sphere of the formal human rights education there is either the absence or the lack of understanding of the necessity to make formal human rights education continuous, to introduce it in the subjects and programs within the system of secondary and higher education, to change approaches towards education, and to change the principles, which form the basis of state standards. For example, official programs and state standards in the sphere of social disciplines are based on the study of various forms of social relations, such as relations between human beings and between human beings and the nature, and they don’t cover the approaches presupposing the formation of respect to universal values and their protection through the prism of human rights and the mechanisms of human rights protection. Moreover, the low level of the preparation of cadres for the system of formal education and the level of educational materials contribute to the distorted understanding of human rights and democratic processes.

The State of Ukraine still does not have the national plan for human rights education, which had to be developed and implemented within the framework of the UN World Program for Human Rights Education. More than that, a considerable slowdown of the process by Ukraine is proved by the fact that the World Program for Human Rights Education has already reached its second phase covering higher education. Certain steps of the government in the spheres of secondary and higher education are not either regular or pondered and does not take into account the views and needs of the civil  society. This allows to use human rights as a political instrument and to neglect the real content and power of this contemporary phenomenon.    

Main problems demanding the influence of society  

§ 

There is a lack of human rights understanding in our society. Due to the low level of knowledge of the society about human rights, fundamental freedoms and the mechanisms of their protection, even the endeavors of citizens aimed at representing and protecting the public interests very often remain ineffective.

§ 

The existing practice implies that the human rights content is substituted. Human rights are used as a political tool that helps to manipulate public opinion in the course of political arguments.

§ 

There is no official model of a continuous education in the sphere of human rights.

§ 

There is a lack of specialists able to use effectively educational actions in order to support and protect human rights.

§ 

There is a need for practical specialized educational programs on human rights for the activists of non-governmental organizations.

5. Influence on target groups/stakeholders

Earlier in the report we have mentioned the influence of the program on the target groups in the context of the connection between the education and action, and the participants’ activity after the training.

In this section the influence on the target groups is considered in the context of the achievement of educational goals and with regard to the feedback from the target groups.

Having undergone the training within the framework of the program educational courses, the participants can use basic competencies, which they have obtained, in their personal activity. Due to the training they can apply the obtained knowledge and express their opinions, which are based on such knowledge and experience, in their activity and while fulfilling their functions and obligations (for State agents). Thus, the training result is the formation of an approach towards personal activity that is based on human rights principles.

Irrespective of a target group, after the training the participants can:

-      

tell about the foundations of the concept of human rights, name basic notions that reveal the essence of human rights;

-      

tell about certain philosophical aspects and the evolution of human rights;

-      

express their own evaluation of certain social problems through the prism of human rights;

-      

name basic documents containing the human rights standards and explain their meaning and role in a contemporary society;

-      

name particular human rights and fundamental freedoms revealing aspects of their content;

-      

tell general information about the international and national mechanisms of human rights protection naming particular institutions, procedures, their roles and functions;

-      

name the challenges of the multicultural world, express own opinion about  the problems of intercultural understanding and explain the role of the peaceful resolution of conflicts;

-      

critically analyze information received from different resources and communicate conclusions that are based on a critical thinking approach;

-      

name basic principles that form the foundation of active actions in support of human rights;

-      

name possible actions aimed at the protection of human rights and explain their importance in the resolution of the problems of human rights  observance.

Apart from general competencies the representatives of the different target groups obtain specific competencies during the training.

Socially active young people

Some opinions from the evaluation forms, «Before the training I thought that the program would be academic, in other words boring. However, it turned the other way round. The program has been very interesting and instructive …»; «My expectations have been fulfilled, and even more than that, I have obtained a lot of useful and practical knowledge, learned about new forms of work and information that was presented logically and skillfully used during the training…»; «I have been personally improved…»; «My expectations have not only been fulfilled, but I’ve received much more than I’ve expected. That course is useful. I have changed my attitude towards the human rights protection activity and have even reviewed my values…»; «My expectations have been over fulfilled. I am impressed by the intensity of the program, its methods and dynamics… …».

Young activists are one of the target groups of the program. The participants of the Human Rights Schools for young activists can obtain basic knowledge about the democratic values and human rights, understand them. They can gain the skills of a leader, if they want to take an active part in the protection and advocacy of human rights.

The evaluation results show that the participants’ knowledge about human rights have been structured, «My expectations have been fulfilled. I have already taken part in a number of specialized trainings on human rights, but due to this program I have obtained the vision of “the entire” system.  This will give me a complex understanding of everything and will allow deepening the knowledge of certain system aspects, which are interconnected»; «I have acquired new knowledge and skills in the sphere of human rights, learned the structure of different systems and how to make projects. I have got new friends and ideas».

The participants give comments to the fulfillment of expectations about new professional connections: «I have been more interested in confederates rather than information. I wanted to find people with whom I can realize my ideas. I think I have found such people here. More interesting things are still ahead of me».

The participantsevaluations prove that they would like to deepen their knowledge of certain topics (the human rights documents, the national and international mechanisms of protection). They have positively evaluated practical studies based on the methods of case study, the Metaplan method and the Forum-Theatre technique.

Speaking about the application of the acquired knowledge it should be mentioned that the participants declare their intentions to implement initiatives aimed at the resolution of some problems in the sphere of human rights, to organize educational activities on human rights, to work as volunteers in human rights organizations and to introduce components of human rights in the activities of their own organizations etc.

There are a lot of experts who join the program activities.

Basic competencies are supplemented by specific educational tasks, such as the following:

-      

the participants can give common assessment to the situation with the observance of human rights in Ukraine;

-      

they can plan their own activities aimed at the resolution of social problems with due account of human rights standards;

-      

they can create youth groups ready to act for the protection of human rights and initiate specific actions in the protection of human rights;

-      

they can initiate educational activities on human rights to teach young people;

-      

and so on.

There are several forms of Human Rights Schools for youth. In particular, there are All-Ukrainian and local Schools. It should be mentioned that local Schools are organized with direct participation of the program graduates and may have peculiar features. For example, the School in Kirovohrad was dedicated to the work in the penitentiary system, while the School that was held for the Southern region was dedicated to peculiarities of the exercising of human rights in a multicultural society.  

The work with young activists is gradually improved. In 2010 there has been a transition towards the multiphase work of such Schools. The first phase implicates a distant session. The training that lasts for 7 to 8 days is carried out during the second phase. Usually, in order to be on the second phase, the applicants have to go through a contest, unless otherwise foreseen by the School concept

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. The participants of the contest are young people 18 to 28 years of age, who are motivated to work actively in the sphere of human rights protection and advocacy, cooperate or are interested in cooperation with human rights organizations. Young people submit application forms containing their motivation to take part in the School, their plans etc. Usually, there are 4 to 5 times more applicants than it is possible to admit. The group of participants consists of 20 to 25 persons.

Activists of non-governmental organizations and groups

Activists of non-governmental organizations and groups take part in specialized educational activities. Their participants are mainly the graduates of the program basic trainings.

Educational tasks for this target group are to teach them to follow the principles that are based on human rights standards in the activity of their organizations, to initiate projects, actions and campaign aimed at the resolution of relevant problems in the sphere of the observance of human rights, and to use the acquired knowledge while realizing their own initiatives.

One category of activists includes the employees and volunteers of non-governmental organizations working in the interests of people with disabilities.

After finishing the School the participants mention their desire to implement immediately those ideas, which they had during the training. Many were surprised by interactive methods which can be used in the work with people with disabilities. The activists want to apply such methods independently in their personal activity.

According to the participants’ observations, the notion of the monitoring has become clearer to them (the monitoring was one of the main subjects for the representatives of this target group). They have seen the difference between the monitoring and the audit of accessibility. The European Court on Human Rights and the UN Committees have turned out not so intimidating after all. We can affirm that the target group was affected by the training, because many participants of the basic training applied for the specialized seminar on a strategic discrimination lawsuit.

The rights of people with disabilities are usually associated with social benefits and guarantees. There is no approach that would be based on human rights principles presupposing that the rights of people with disabilities are considered as a human rights category. After the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities was adopted, there have been changes in the views and approaches towards the problems of people with disabilities. Previously they were based on medical and social aspects, while at present they rely on the state of human rights observance.

The methodology of the educational measures of the Course is specific. It is necessary to consider that the participants themselves might have different kinds of disabilities.

The National Assembly of the Disabled of Ukraine (NAIU) is a permanent partner of the program in the work that is carried out in the interests of people with disabilities. All the participants are selected by the NAIU. The organization usually provides the half of the School budget and is engaged in the work that is implemented after the training is over.

Teachers, lecturers and administrators of secondary schools and higher educational establishments

Since 2009 the work with teachers and lecturers has been mostly carried out in the form of long-term courses, which contribute to changes in the educational process that become apparent in the school work implemented from the position of human rights. Human rights start to be taught within the framework of both particular subjects and optional lessons and are integrated in other disciplines.

Specific educational goals that ensure effective influence on the activity of the representatives of this target group refer to particular competencies. These competencies allow to teach human rights in various forms and to different target groups during school and extra-curricular hours, to integrate human rights into other subjects, to support the initiatives of students in the sphere of human rights advocacy, and to monitor the observance of human rights in educational establishments.

The educators were impressed by the monitoring of the observance of human rights, which they held in their own educational establishments. They suggested that such an analysis should be permanent.

The participants worked together on the models of changes and improvements for their own educational establishments. Such models were based on the researches that had been held previously. Their main goal is to change the educational process so that it would be founded on the principles of respect for and observance of human rights.

As a result, the participants introduce amendments to statutory documents, work out plans for specialized courses on human rights and bring forward suggestions regarding changes in annual plans of the educational establishments etc.

The CourseSchool is a Territory of Human Rightsencompasses the entire school, which takes part in it. The basic training is undergone by two persons, who are either a principal or another representative of an administration and a teacher

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.

Journalists

The content of education for journalists must be based on the knowledge and skills concerning freedom of expression and the specific character of the preparation of materials on human rights and fundamental freedoms.  

The journalists undergo a long-term course within the framework of the program. It consists of two basic seminars, distant sessions and international measures, during which the participants learn the experience of journalists from other countries. The course presupposes that the participants will write articles on human rights issues and cover events from the perspective of human rights with competence. It is expected that they will avoid hate speech and will be able to defend themselves under the conditions of strict editorial policy and the engagement of publications in politics.

The participants of the first seminar of the Course have acquired knowledge on the role of journalism in human rights protection and advocacy, and on the safety of journalists.

The participants mentioned that the most considerable achievement for them was the structuring of knowledge on human rights, of information on human rights documents and judicial defense of the rights of journalists.  It was also important for them to communicate with persons holding the same views, id. est. colleagues who try to use journalism as a tool for the development of democracy and promotion of human rights values.  The majority of participants positively evaluated the educational atmosphere mentioning the impetus of energyandinspirationto study deeper human rights issues.

Due to different levels of a basic training the participants had polar views about individual modules of the program. For example, some of the participants said the module on the ethics of journalism to be absolutely irrelevant (as they were aware of it), while others mentioned it to be the most considerable asset at the seminar.  The journalists also had different attitudes towards the organization of work: the majority of participants had a positive view of practical tasks and interactive activities. However, there are several opposite commentaries regarding interactive activities which were considered irrelevant. Those who shared the latter opinion suggested that there should be more lectures in the program.

In general the participants noted a high level of the experts’ and trainers’ professionalism.

Speaking about the application of the obtained knowledge, it should be mentioned that the majority of participants are determined either to spread information on human rights with the help of their own articles and other materials or to organize informational activities for their colleagues. There were ideas about founding new internet resources to strengthen communication between journalists and human rights community.

After the seminar the participants noted that there were considerable changes in their understanding of a human rights concept and in their awareness of the mechanisms of human rights protection. Consequently, there are grounds to predict the improved level of materials that will be prepared by the participants of the educational course.

Officials of the law enforcement agents and the penitentiary system in charge of the training and retraining of staff

I used to be suspicious of human rights activists and treated them with hostility. I’ve changed my attitude and feel…that I myself become one!” one of the participants of the human rights seminar for the penitentiary system workers summarized.

From the very beginning of the Course the teachers of higher educational establishments of the law enforcement agencies of Ukraine have taken high interest in the development of methodological materials for teaching human rights within the system. A rather high motivation particularly in this sphere is observed. The participants have also noted a high level of the first seminar, which they took part in. The participants’ methodological developments are their home assignment within the framework of the distant session. These developments are sent to the organizers and are of a very high level as well.

The basis of the training for these target groups is knowledge and skills on the fulfillment of duties from the perspective of human rights.

These target groups are different from others, because they are selected not through the open competition, but according to the decision of their authorities, which is taken in the result of negotiations between the program coordinators and the authorities of the corresponding state agencies. However, the participants, particularly the law enforcement agents who teach in the higher educational establishments of the Ministry of Interior of Ukraine, have been highly motivated. It is obvious that these groups are in need of specialized training in the sphere of human rights.

The participants of both groups have noted considerable improvements in their understanding of human rights and, particularly, on the level of values. At present they work within the framework of a distant session by conducting classes, which are a part of their duties. Thus, the participants of the Course simultaneously approbate methodological materials, practice in teaching certain human rights subjects and prepare the personnel.

The participation of the officials of the law enforcement bodies and the penitentiary system became possible due to the agreement with the corresponding departments. The Memorandum of Agreement was signed with the State Department for Execution of Sentences of Ukraine. The cooperation with the higher educational institutions was established though the Ministry of Interior of Ukraine. 

It is expected that the developed courses may be either introduced in the state system of training and retraining of personnel for the corresponding state agencies, or will be used jointly as an additional educational component by state institutions and non-governmental organizations.

Lawyers Working in the Republic of Belarus

The seminar titledThe Implementation of International Law in Legal Practicefor lawyers from the Republic of Belarus was very crucial, because it began a long-term CourseDe Facto Implementation of International Obligations in the Sphere of Civil Rights and Freedoms’, which is implemented within the framework of the project of partner organizations

[15]

. The participantsresponses prove that the goals of the seminar were achieved. They particularly noted the high level of preparation of the Ukrainian experts who took part in the seminar. It was very important for the participants to meet the Governmental Commissary for the European Court for Human Rights on the territory of the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine as well as Ukrainian human rights advocates and lawyers who work to defend the freedom of expression and peaceful assemblies.    

6. Challenges and risks

Main challenges and risks occur, because the program works for the several target groups. It is important to improve the program management, because there are more graduates and there is a need to keep the connections, the expert and sometimes resource supervision of their activity in the early stages. That is why the coordinators’ functions were defined concretely and controlled in 2010.   The information component, distance learning and the development of the network of graduates are ensured through a separate project. The team is constantly expanded to include the most active graduates who proved to be able to execute definite functions within the framework of the program. The number of experts is increased, and the team strives to achieve better results through the negotiations with experts while getting prepared for the program measures.

In the result of the evaluation of the previous work with young activists, it became apparent that the educational component pertaining to project management should be strengthened. For this the program educational model on the subject is being improved at present. At the same time the participants can partially obtain the relevant knowledge through the distant learning, which has been introduced within the framework of the program.

Some risks are connected with the dependency of the educational courses, which are taken by the officials of the law enforcement bodies and the penitentiary system, on the authorities of the corresponding departments. So far the problems have been resolved successfully. The Memorandum of Agreement was signed with the State Department of Ukraine for Enforcement of Sentences. A lot of time and efforts are spent on negotiations with state departments, that is why the program team is constantly working to improve the strategies of cooperation with state authorities, and to define real and achievable goals.

Challenges and risks pertaining to the work with journalists mainly occur, because, despite strong personal motivation of journalists to receive education in the sphere of human rights, their editorial staff fails to understand them. According to the organizers, such risks can be partially overcome with the help of the improvement and the stronger influence of the journalists’ articles. As the small amount of journalists will not be able to participate in the long-term courses, those who want to be engaged in further training that follows the first seminar will have to take part in a competition. Such a competition will be held for the representatives of several groups of journalists who have already undergone the basic training. This will allow reaching a greater effect from educational activities.  

Challenges and risks pertaining to activists who work in the interests of people with disabilities are mostly connected with a need for special approach to both the organization of study and the choice of teaching methods, because most of the participants of such Schools have various types of disabilities. Thus these Schools are held in places accessible for people with disabilities. So far the selection of teaching methods has also been successful. The works of authorship have been introduces as well. The manual on human rights for activists who work in the interests of people with disabilities is being prepared at present.    

 7. Evaluation

The program evaluation: approaches, methods, tools

The program foresees the system of evaluation, which includes both internal and external evaluation.

The subjects of evaluation are: the process of implementation of separate measures and of their outcomes, the reaction of participants, the level of knowledge, skills and the personal approach development, etc.

At the end of every measure participants complete evaluation forms. In the course of education the team of organizers analyzes the level of knowledge obtained. 

For the majority of courses the participants are selected through the contest. Usually there are 4 to 5 times more applicants than we can admit. In their application forms the applicants describe their personal motivation. They also have to fulfill an additional task, which depends on the type of the educational measure. For example, young activists compose an essay on a particular topic, teachers send their own methodological developments, journalists send their articles etc. The participants who have been selected through the contest or in other ways undergo preparatory training, during which they look through certain texts, materials and execute practical tasks connected with such materials. Such work allows to analyze the level of competencies of participants before the training, and to pay attention to their needs in the sphere of human rights education.

An external evaluation is held from time to time within the framework of the program. In 2009 the experts of the Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights (Warsaw, Poland) were invited to carry out the evaluation. In 2010 the program team has been working with due consideration of results and recommendations received after the 2009 external evaluation. In 2010 the external evaluation has been provided to a lesser extent and mostly by means of thoughts of the experts and observers who were engaged in the program activities. The regular external evaluation is planned to be carried out by the end of 2012.

The reports of the coordinators of particular measures also serve as the method of evaluation. The corresponding tools have been developed within the framework of the program.

The monitoring of the program graduates activity is one more method to evaluate the program effectiveness. It is carried out by the coordinators of the program activities together with the coordinator of the network of graduates, who has started working in the program this year. A separate analysis is carried out by the Organizing Committee established by the active graduates of the program.

The effectiveness of the program can be also evaluated on the basis of the activity of the program graduates and their use of the website of the program (www.edu.helsinki.org.ua) and the website of the social network of human rights activists (www.hr-activists.net).

The results of the evaluation of the educational measures by the participants are presented in the previous section.    

8. Project organization

As of October 2010 the Action Plan of the Program has been primarily

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fulfilled by means of eight projects:

1) 

The Program for Human Rights Education in Ukraine ­­­­– the joint project of the Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union and the Norwegian Helsinki Union, which is financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Norway.

The project intended most of the educational measures of the program, such as seminars and trainings, the logistics and the practical implementation of the plans of measures. It also intended the expert and resource support of the program graduates’ initiatives aimed at the protection and advocacy of human rights.

2) 

Understanding Human Rights the project of the non-governmental organization M’ART financed by the International Renaissance Foundation within the Rule of Law Program.

This project intended the methodological support of the program activities, the development of methodological materials, the PR support of the program, the functioning of the program website and the program evaluation.

3) 

The Network of Graduates of the Understanding Human Rights Program the project of the non-governmental organization M’ART financed by the International Renaissance Foundation within the Rule of Law Program.

The project ensured the informational support, the development of the distance learning program and the development of the network of graduates

4) 

The Human Rights Course for the Penitentiary System Personnel – the project of the non-governmental organization M’ART financed by the International Renaissance Foundation within the Rule of Law Program.

Due to the project there was carried out the first seminar of the educational course for the officials of the penitentiary system. It also assured the development of the methodological materials for this course. The second seminar of the course was carried out within the project of the UHHU and the NHC.  

5) 

Supporting Belarus NGO in the De Facto Implementation of International Obligations of the Republic of Belarus in the Sphere of Civil Rights and Fundamental Freedoms 

The project continues the Program for Belarus human rights advocates and lawyers titledDe Facto Implementation International Obligations of the Republic of Belarus in the Sphere of Civil Rights and Fundamental Freedoms’, which is also called ‘The Implementation of International Law in Legal Practice’. The program is realized in partnership with non-governmental organizations of Belarus, Lithuania, Norway, Poland and Ukraine

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.  (The first cycle of the Program was successfully held in 2007-2008.

6) 

The Development of Education in the Sphere of Human Rights in Ukraine the project of the non-governmental organization M’ART financed by the International Renaissance Foundation within the Rule of Law Program.

The project provided main resources and enabled activities within the 2010 Conference on the Development of Human Rights Education in Ukraine.

7) 

Actions for the Protection of Children at Risk: the Experience of Poland, Germany and Ukraine – he project of the Human Rights Center Postup.

The experts worked within the trilateral project to develop recommendations regarding the protection of children at risk for the authorities and non-governmental organizations.

8) 

Preventing Discrimination on the Grounds of Disability: the Lawsuit Strategythe project of Kharkiv Regional FoundationHromadska Alternatyva’, which is financed by the International Renaissance Foundation within the Rule of Law Program.

The specialized seminarA Strategic Disability Lawsuit was held within the framework of the project. It also intends the expert support of strategic lawsuits, which are planned by the seminar participants.

In 2010 the financial support of the program from other sources was increased. There have been more organizations that take a direct part in the program activities. The program team has expanded to include new experts and program graduates, who from now on take part in the work of the program. New work tools have been developed and the existing ones have been improved.

Plans for the organizational development of the program for 2011-2012 are developed at present.

9. Comments and remarks, relevant to the project work, evaluation, etc

Experience shows that the program may become more effective, if it is joined by experts and partners from other countries. It is also important to ensure the exchange of experience between the representatives of certain target groups. This observation is primarily based on the fact that because of such mutual connections, those who undergo training may have a broader view of the situation with human rights and may make a comparison of the social processes development.

It is reasonable to organize study visits for the state agents, as they can apply the existing experience in their own activity.  

It is essential to strengthen the development of the network of the program graduates and the expert supervision of their activity.

The role of distance learning should be be increased. New technologies should be used more intensely in the organization of the educational process.

There have been made some conclusions as to the strategy of the next phase of the program action plan. The attention should be paid to:

- the implementation of successful experience in the official education;

- the use of the program graduates’ potential in the training of the representatives of local communities in the sphere of human rights protection and advocacy;

- the further development and improvement of the informal education in the sphere of human rights;

- a more considerable support of activists, when they carry out actions aimed at the protection of human rights;

- new forms and technologies for informing and educating about human rights with the broader engagement of the mass media;

- the monitoring of programs and educational process within the official system of education form the perspective of human rights.   

10. Comments to the financial rapport

 Within the 2010 project the initial plan was supplemented by the participation in the organization, financing and conduction of the Conference on the Development of Human Rights Education in Ukraine. The decision about such changes was taken with the consent of the Norwegian Helsinki Committee.

Kyiv, 18.11.2010

Serhiy Burov




[1]

Education in the sphere of human rights is a priority. There is need for more specific actions», 06/10/2008

[2]

The report on the results of the 2nd phase of the action plan (February 2008 – October 2009) of the Understanding Human Rights all-Ukrainian Program is attached

[3]

The partners that directly supported and administered the program in 2010: International Renaissance Foundation, the non-governmental organization M’ART, Human Rights Center ‘Postup’, Kharkiv Regional Foundation ‘Hromads’ka Al’ternatyva’ (Public Alternative). Other partners that provided the expert, methodological and expert support are stated in this report separately.

[4]

The terminology of the World Program for Human Rights Education, - Resolution 59/113 of the General Assembly of July 14, 2005, that introduced the revised Action plan for the First phase (2005-2009) of the World Program for Human Rights Education (A/59/525/Rev.1).

[5]

From the report on the results of the 2nd phase of the action plan (February 2008 – October 2009) of the Understanding Human Rights all-Ukrainian Program.

[6]

Because new components might be added to the action plan, the list is being constantly updated.

[7]

It is planned to publish manuals on the basis of methodological materials developed in 2010. The manuals are intended to be published in 2011. They will be spread among specialists and organizations involved in human rights education.

[8]

Educational tasks for basic training are defined within the framework of the program and are oriented towards competencies obtained by the participants. Educational tasks depend on the target group.

[9]

Fourteen higher educational establishments of Ukraine prepare future workers of the system of the Ministry of Interior of Ukraine.

[10]

Previously the ContestYouth Groups Initiatives: Human Rights

[11]

The main financial partners are specified

[12]

The mentioned organizations have provided expert and methodological support. The organization experts have participated in the program measures and provided methodological materials and recommendations.

[13]

Such exceptions are possible, if local school coordinators would like to train a specific group of young people, who will be involved in a particular action, campaign or project.

[14]

It could be a teacher, a social worker, a psychological service worker or a counselor.

[15]

This is, first of all, the non-governmental organization ‘Pravovaia Initsiativa’ (Legal Initiative) (Minsk, Belarus) and the Human Rights House Network (Oslo, Norway).

[16]

Only the main projects have been mentioned. Within the framework of the program there have been other contributions and short-term projects.

[17]

Belarus: Belarus Association of Journalists, Human Rights CenterViasna’, Republican AssociationPravovaia Initsiativa’; Lithuania: Human Rights House; Norway: Human Rights House Network; Poland: Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights; Ukraine: M’ART.

 

 

Annual Report.doc

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